Karl Amadeus Hartmanns Oper Simplicius Simplicissimus basiert auf dem Roman Der abenteuerliche Simplicissimus Teutsch von Hans Jakob Christoffel von. Simplicius Simplicissimus Das Thema. Stand: | Archiv |Bildnachweis. Gedenktafel an Grimmelshausens Geburtshaus | Bild: BR. Die Menschen des. The Adventures of Simplicius Simplicissimus (Penguin Classics) | Grimmelshausen, Hans Jakob Christoffel von, Underwood, J.A. | ISBN:
BR-NavigationThe Adventures of Simplicius Simplicissimus (Penguin Classics) | Grimmelshausen, Hans Jakob Christoffel von, Underwood, J.A. | ISBN: Karl Amadeus Hartmanns Oper Simplicius Simplicissimus basiert auf dem Roman Der abenteuerliche Simplicissimus Teutsch von Hans Jakob Christoffel von. Simplicius Simplicissimus Das Thema. Stand: | Archiv |Bildnachweis. Gedenktafel an Grimmelshausens Geburtshaus | Bild: BR. Die Menschen des.
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Zwischenspiel - "Tränen des Vaterlandes, anno ". Hartmann, K: Simplicius Simplicissimus, Act II. Hartmann, K: Simplicius Simplicissimus, Act III.
Will Hartmann, Peter Marsch, Juliane Banse The Netherlands Radio Choir, The Netherlands Radio Philharmonic Orchestra Markus Stenz. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History.
Britannica Quiz. Name the Novelist. Also, how armies were organized, trained, and run. Think of this book as a mini series running for a season--it was enormously popular for many, many years.
If you don't read German, get a good translation and unabridged so you get the breezy style and the details. Jun 22, Joselito Honestly and Brilliantly rated it really liked it.
I told myself I am not reading, at the moment, any modern novel with its difficult style, convoluted plots and abstruse language which make my eyes redder than they already are.
It has to be an old book written during those less sophisticated times when writers just write to tell stories and entertain.
So I got this, written sometime the middle of the 17th century, originally in German, by a guy with a long name, Hans Jacob Christoph Von Grimmelshausen, a writer whose biography was said to be as I told myself I am not reading, at the moment, any modern novel with its difficult style, convoluted plots and abstruse language which make my eyes redder than they already are.
So I got this, written sometime the middle of the 17th century, originally in German, by a guy with a long name, Hans Jacob Christoph Von Grimmelshausen, a writer whose biography was said to be as shadowy and as elusive as that of Shakespeare, the work carrying an equally-long subtitle "Being the Description of the Life of a Strange Vagabond Named Melchior Sternfels Von Fuchshaim.
Then I blinked again. And again. I realized, that in a consistent monotone the narrator, then a boy of ten, is actually telling the story of how some bandit-like "troopers" had descended upon their household, ransacked the place, held captive his Dad, Mammy and sister Ursula, tortured their male hand, raped their maid, and took everything they can get.
Some who reviewed this here at GR say the family members were massacred. But, spoiler alert, in the end you'll find out they were not.
You'll find out too, spoiler alert, that the Dad and the Mammy were not really the boy's parents. The setting is supposed to be during the so-called Thirty Years War of which I know nothing about and too lazy to google what went on during these troubled part of history.
But I am sure that it was about killings, with crude weapons like bows and arrows, catapults, spears and lances, axes and those stuffs you see in movies with knights and princesses on them.
Anyway, reading this novel would give you the impression that the narrator lived in a world where pillaging towns, villages and kingdoms, soldiering or banditry are honorable professions and the best ways for young lads to advance in life.
In any case, to get on with the story, the boy escaped and went deep into the forest. There he met a holy hermit who, spoiler alert, may have been his true father, but I am not telling.
Not now, at least. Of course, the hermit later dies. For a while the boy lived there like a hermit himself, alone, contemplating in the wild the wise words and ways of the dearly departed saint.
Now, at this point, the reader tries to predict how the story will go. Most readers would think: the boy will grow up handsome and strong, virtuous, a champion of the poor and the oppressed, and avenge, in the end, the wrong done to his family.
This boy, spoiler alert, will do all sorts of things and one of them would be to engage in banditry himself, killing for sport and money, waylaying innocent travelers and killing many of them.
But back to the story, spoiler alert. Some reviewers say this novel portray the horrors of war. Hardly, in my opinion. The language of the narrator, insofar as violence is concerned, is much too sterilized and subdued to evoke any sense of horror upon the reader.
The outstanding quality here, IMHO, is not in its portrayal of wars or conflicts, but the HUMOR in the principal protagonist's exploits. There are humor in how the boy came to be called Simplicissimus; on how he became rich, then poor, then rich again; how he was forced into marrying a maiden under the most ridiculous circumstances; how he--a brave warrior and a feared bandit--was cuckolded; how he became a widower, a treasure-finder, a vagabond; the lies and inventive strategems he resorted to to survive dangerous situations.
Ah, even those which were not written, or had been omitted in the edition that I read , can probably make you smile.
Here, for instance, is Simplicissimus, during one of the stages in his life where he was at the top of the 17th century food chain, confessing in the third chapter: " Nor will I deny that I gave myself up to the temptations of the Frenchwomen, that entertained me secretly and rewarded me with many gifts for my services, till in the end I was wearied of so vile and shameful a trade, and determined so to play the fool no longer.
It is absolutely without connection with Simplicissimus's career as an actor in the war; has no interest as a picture of manners; and finally, can be read much better in Bandello, from whose much livelier story vol.
It is therefore omitted here. At the first I ate not with his guests but with his children and household, because I had little money with me: there were but little morsels, that were like Spanish fasting-food for my stomach, so long accustomed to the hearty Westphalian diet.
No single good joint of meat did we ever get but only what had been carried away a week before from the students' table, pretty well hacked by them, and now, by reason of age, as grey as Methuselah.
Over this the hostess his wife , who must do the cooking herself for he would pay for no maid to help her , poured a black, sour kind of gravy and bedevilled it with pepper.
Yet though the bones were sucked so dry that one could have made chessmen of them, yet were they not yet done with, but were put into a vessel kept for the purpose, and when our miser had a sufficient quantity, they must be chopped up fine and all the fat that remained boiled out of them.
I know not whether this was used for seasoning soup or greasing shoes. But on fast-days, of which there happened more than enough, and which were all religiously observed for therein our host full of scruples , we had the run of our teeth on stinking herrings, salt cod, rotten stockfish, and other decayed marine creatures: for he bought all with regard to cheapness only, and grudged not the trouble to go himself to the fish-market and to pick up what the fishmongers themselves were about to throw away.
Our bread was commonly black and stale, our drink a thin, sour beer which well nigh burst my belly, and yet must pass as fine old October.
Besides all this, I learned from his German servant that in summer-time 'twas yet worse: for then the bread was mouldy, the meal full of maggots, and the best dishes were then a couple of radishes at dinner and a handful of salad at supper.
So I asked him why did he stay with the old miser. He answered he was mostly travelling, and therefore must count more on the drink-money of travellers than on that mouldy old Jew, who he said would not even trust his wife and children with the cellar-key, for he grudge them even a drop of wine, and, in a word, was such a curmudgeon that his like would be hard to find; what I had seen up till now, said he, was nothing: if I did but stay there for a while I should perceive that he was not ashamed to skin a flea for its fat.
Once, said he, the old fellow had brought home six pounds of tripe or chitterlings and put it in his larder: but to the great delight of his children the grating chanced to be open: so they tied a tablespoon to a stick and fished all the chitterlings out, which they then ate up half-cooked, in great haste, and gave out 'twas the cat had done it.
That the old coal-counter would not believe, but caught the cat and weighed her, and found that, skin, hair and all, she weighed not so much as his chitterlings.
His wine, too, was well watered and not of a kind to aid digestion: and the cheese which was served at the end of every meal was hard as stone, and the Dutch butter so salty that none could eat more than half an ounce of it at breakfast; as for the fruit, it had to be carried to and fro till it was ripe and fit to eat; and if any of us grumbled thereat, he would begin a terrible abusing of his wife loud enough for us to hear: but secretly gave her orders to go on in the same old way.
View all 4 comments. May 07, James rated it really liked it. The late J. Pick recommended this interesting picaresque to me on 12 June , prior to his sad passing in January Pick's 'The Last Valley' is one of my favourite historical novels, even though it has long been out of print.
Few people have heard of it, and a handful more probably know that it was made into a decent movie directed by the Sydney-born James Clavell also the author of Shogun, King Rat etc and starred Michael Caine and Omar Sharif, with a soundtrack written by John Barry.
Although Pick's book is also about the 30 years' war, he stumbled across Simplicissimus after 'The Last Valley' was published. Simplicissimus is considered to be the first adventure novel in the German language and the first German novel masterpiece.
Set during the tragic conflict that wrecked Germany between , it contains a lot of inhumanity and brutality that is candidly recounted in the first person by its protagonist Simplicius.
Although Simplicius is regarded as a simpleton by his parents and subsequent guardians, his observations are often unexpectedly perceptive and at times downright hilarious.
Anyone expecting long-winded prose will also be surprised to find that the humour in this novel is often unexpectedly crude and side-splittingly funny.
Mike Mitchell's translation of this novel was shortlisted for The Weidenfeld Translation Prize in , and I personally think that he did a great job of sprucing up the narrative and dialogue for a more modern readership.
Simplicius' life takes many twists and turns in what is after all a highly dystopic Germany, and he finds himself playing many roles along the way which include a jester, war hero and even a woman.
Although the pace is brisk the story goes on forever, and anyone wishing for a quick and enjoyable page turner will be disappointed.
The novel also lacks any real goal, being simply a large number of life experiences recounted by Simplicius, so that the reading of it can at times get quite tiring.
That said, it contains many insights into the early-modern way of life both in Germany and beyond, making it a good read for research purposes.
View 1 comment. While the Empire was bleeding to death, the chancelleries of half Europe were intent on the detaching from one side or the other of a venal general, or the patching up of some partial armistice that might afford breathing-time to organise further mischief.
It does not matter much to any one whether Wallenstein was knave or fool, but it did matter that the war crippled for two hundred years the finances, the agriculture, and the enterprise of the German people, and dealt a blow to their patriotis While the Empire was bleeding to death, the chancelleries of half Europe were intent on the detaching from one side or the other of a venal general, or the patching up of some partial armistice that might afford breathing-time to organise further mischief.
It does not matter much to any one whether Wallenstein was knave or fool, but it did matter that the war crippled for two hundred years the finances, the agriculture, and the enterprise of the German people, and dealt a blow to their patriotism from the like of which few nations could have recovered.
It resulted in the death of millions driving the already fragmented German regions into dissipation. What began as a conflict between Protestants and Catholics resulted in the requisition of military force, then the justification and use of force for gain, whether territorial, political, or personal.
The patchwork quilt of the Holy Roman Empire began to war with itself, using mercenary armies whose allegiance lay not in any ideal, but rather in profit, allowing the rulers and powers to air old grievances, posture for political strength, and to seize power through strength of arms.
The author, a German-born man named Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen, was a child when the war broke out, and was eventually kidnapped by Hessian forces while they pillaged his home.
He was then caught up in the war itself, and grew to be a man during this rather hostile period. The Adventurous Simplicissimus , while occasionally containing obvious myths and fantasies such as witches and mermen, is inspired by his experiences in the war.
The book, itself, is very episodic in nature, with its protagonist, Melchior Sternfels von Fuchshaim later nick-named Simplicius Simplicissimus due to his simple nature starting as a poverty-stricken lad separated from his family in much the same way as the author , being then adopted by a hermit who teaches him language and religion where he earns his Simplicius moniker , is eventually swept up into the war, learns a variety of fighting and survival skills, is servant to a number of lords and rulers, engages in combat for many factions including a stint on both of the opposing Catholic and Protestant forces, along with a number of mercenaries , and undergoes a tremendous variety of fantastical experiences.
But as to knowledge of things divine, none shall ever persuade me that any lad of my age in all Christendom could there beat me, for I knew nought of God or man, of Heaven or Hell, of angel or devil, nor could I discern between good and evil.
It's an amalgamation of satire, philosophy, history, fantasy, drama, comedy, and tragedy; a mixed bag of somewhat random life experiences, told through the lens of a simple fool as he rises above his upbringing, is educated, becomes a warrior, is brought low and high, and earns a host of other descriptors, both good and bad.
In a word; many did count me for a witless madman, while I held all for fools in their wits. And to my thinking this is still the way of the world: for each one is content with his own wits and esteemeth that he is of all men the cleverest.
Having been written in the late 17th century, it is devoid of modern writing conventions, which will most certainly turn away a number of readers.
The story goes, and is told, as the life of Simplicius is lived. Yet what did happen? The fool died and vanished like his own tobacco-smoke.
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